There’s also no danger of exposure to caustic electrolytes such as sulfuric acid or potassium hydroxide. In most cases, these batteries can be stored in confined areas without the risk of explosion and a properly designed system should not require active cooling or venting. Fourth Factor – Warranty – The average warranty for AGM/lead acid batteries is 3-5 years.

  • I do this for my drill batteries and you may want to do the same- if you’re storing the bike keep the state of charge at like 75% or less.
  • Topping charge is applied to maintain full charge level and prevent sulfation on lead acid batteries.
  • One disadvantage of cylindrical cells can be a large radial temperature gradient inside the cells developing at high discharge currents.
  • Low internal cell resistance enables fast charging and high-current discharging.

Lithium batteries stand apart from other battery chemistries due to their high energy density and low cost per cycle. There are about six common chemistries of lithium batteries, all with their own unique advantages and disadvantages. For renewable energy applications, the predominant chemistry is Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4). This chemistry has excellent safety, with great thermal stability, high current ratings, long cycle life, and tolerance to abuse.

Electronics Lithium Batteries

Li-phosphate is tolerant to some overcharge; however, keeping the voltage at 14.40V for a prolonged time, as most vehicles do on a long road trip, could stress Li-phosphate. Time will tell how durable Li-Phosphate will be as a lead acid replacement with a regular vehicle lifepo4 200ah charging system. Cold temperature also reduces performance of Li-ion and this could affect the cranking ability in extreme cases. Li-ion research gravitates heavily towards combining Li-manganese with cobalt, nickel, manganese and/or aluminum as active cathode material.

Essentially, this is when the batteries cannot be fully charged before being discharged again the next day. This is a very big problem with lead-acid batteries and can promote significant plate degradation if repeatedly cycled in this manner. In fact, it’s possible to slightly improve overall life expectancy with a slight partial charge instead of a full charge. Lithium batteries are an assembly composed of many cells, like lead-acid batteries and many other battery types. Lead acid batteries have a nominal voltage of 2V/cell, whereas lithium battery cells have a nominal voltage of 3.2V.


Energy Cells, which most consumer products have, should be charged at 1C or less. Avoid so-called ultra-fast chargers that claim to fully charge Li-ion in less than one hour. The following tables indicate stress related capacity losses on cobalt-based lithium-ion. The voltages of lithium iron phosphate and lithium titanate are lower and do not apply to the voltage references given. Although a battery should deliver 100 percent capacity during the first year of service, it is common to see lower than specified capacities, and shelf life may contribute to this loss.